The Playing Court is a rectangular measuring 16 M x 8 M, surrounded by a rectangular free zone of minimum 5 M from the playing surface for Doubles and 16 M x 7 M for singles.
The playing surface must be flat, horizontal and uniform. The playing surface should be hard clay court.
The playing surface should not have any danger which may create injury to the player. It is forbidden to play on rough, wet or slippery surface, e.g. cement, sand etc
The court may have a slope of 5 mm for drainage.
All court lines shall be marked with lime or paint and included in the court measurement
All lines shall have a width of 5 cm, they must have a contrast color to the floor.
Two side lines and two base lines shall mark the playing court, both sides of base lines are included from the 16 x 8 m. playing are for doubles match and 16 x 7 m for singles match.
The axis of the centre line divides the playing court into two equal court and measuring 8 x 7 and 8 x 8 m each. This extends beneath the net from side line to sideline.
On each back side of the court, the Restricted service area is limited by the service line which is parallel to Base line and at the 2 m distance from it inside of the court from base line.
Court line, which is parallel to the side lines divides the court from restricted service line to the center line in the two equal parts call as court line.
The area bounded by the court lines, sideline and restricted service zone lines to centre line is service court.
Two lines each 10 cm long mark indentify the side limit of the service zone at the end of each courts.
They shall be drawn 15 cm behind and perpendicular to the base line, one is drawn as an extension of side and other is of court line.
Lighting on court should be 500 to 1500 fluxes measured 7 m high from the playing surface.
The net shall be made of fine natural cord or artificial fiber. The length of the net shall be 9 m and width shall be 1.10 m with mesh of 10 cm sq. width and 90 mesh in length
The net shall be stretched from post to post at the 1.10 m height from the floor. The color of the net shall be black or white.
The post shall be 1.10 m in height from the surface of the court.The two post shall be fixed at the two end of the centre line of the court vertical to the ground.
The post should be sufficiently firm to keep the net strained as provided in the color.The post shall be white. The diameter of the post shall be 10 to 15 cm.
The ball shall be spherical, made of a flexible leather or synthetic leather case with a bladder inside made of rubber or similar material.
The weight of the ball shall be 240 to 250 gm with air.The circumference of the ball shall be 60 cm + 1 cm.The air pressure in the ball shall be 0.40 to 0.42 kg/cm2.
A Team consist of maximum 6 players and minimum of 4 players, out of 6 , 2 players will play the singles match of each and 2 players will play the match of doubles and remaining 2 players are extra players.
Only the players recorded on the line up form shall participate in the match.
Out of six players one player will be the captain of that team.
The team captain indentified with a ribbon or strip of 8 cm x 2 cm in size and will be placed on the left side of the jersey of the player.
When the team captain is injured or he has left the tournament , the coach will assign another player as a captain.
Players uniform shall consist of a jersey and shorts of same color and with number on front and backside.
The Player shall have suitable shoes as he desire.
The captain must have an identification on the arm, noting that he/she is the captain of the team.
The Player must not have any thing on their jersey that might impede the game.
The Player must know the rules of the game and abide by them.
The Player must accept the referee’s decisions, should not argue against the decision
The captain shall represent the players and be responsible for the actions behavior a comments of the team.
The captain shall conduct the following :
a)To submit the playing order sheet to the official.
b) Choose the court or service after the toss.
c) Sign the records at the end of the match
Prior to the game , he must register, check the names and numbers of his players on the score sheet and place his signature on it.
The coach / manager shall read the team and be responsible for the actions moments of the team.
The coach / manager shall conduct the following :
a) Designate the captain.
b) Indicate the absence of a player.
c) During the match he must sit on players bench beside the scorer.
Before entering in the court, the referee carries out a toss up in the presence of the two team captains. The winner of the toss chooses the court or the right to serve first. This is Applicable for every match, Single or Double and Reverse Single.
Prior to the match each team will have 5 minutes warm-up period at the net, if they previously had another playing court at their disposal, if not they may have 5 minutes.
If both captains ask to warm-up at the same time both teams may at the net for 5 minutes according to above.
In the event of consecutive warm-ups, the team that has won the right to serve takes the first turn at the net.
Before start of set each coach must present his standing line-up sheet to the scorer or the referee.
The six players those who are going to play compose the line-up of a team. The number of six players may be reduced up to four.
The four players will have to play game of three sets of each match single Doubles and Single if necessary.
Out of Four two different players have to play two match of singles & Another two players from the same team must play the one match od doubles.
Games may be played singles – doubles – singles.
A match consist of singles – doubles – singles games
There may be three sets for both singles & doubles i.e. for each game.
The team which win first singles & doubles need not play second singles but if it looses one game of the same may have to play deciding game i.e. reverse singles.
Each set may be played of 21 points.
For both singles & doubles the players or the pair scores 21 points first may be declared as the set.
Winner of the two sets may be declared as the winner of the match.
The players not playing match are non playing team players. During first singles rest players may called as non-playing team players.
The non-playing team players & coach must sit on the bench located on the side of their own court beside the scorer.
The non-playing players may start their warming up at the end of the game which is being played by their team player/players
The non-playing team members may cheer and applaud their teammates but not give them instructions.
The winner of the toss decides to accept the choice of court or the right to serve. The first service of the 1 & 3 game i.e. both singles will be given to the team choosing the right to do it after the toss, the other sets & the game double will be started with the service by the team they did not serve first in the previous set.
The player taking the first serve stands with his both feet behind the baseline on the right hand side of his court. His feet must remain behind the baseline & on the ground within the service zone until the ball is played.
The ball is then thrown in to the air above shoulder level and stuck with his one hand before it hits the ground. It must land in the receiver’s right hand court to be “in”. The server has only one chance to make a good service after which the service is lost.
The player shall stand on the opposite side of cross court of the net, the player who first delivers the ball shall be called the server and other opponent as the receiver.
The server shall touch the base line throughout the delivery of service.
The server should not change his position by walking, running or jumping during the service.
The server shall not touch, with either foot, any area other than that behind the base line.
The server both feet should touch the floor at the time of service.
The ball served shall pass over the net and hits the ground within the service court which in diagonally opposite.
If the server commits any break of rules.
If server misses the ball in attempting to strike it.
If the ball served touches the net or post before it hits the ground.
If the ball is served under armed.
If the served ball hits the ground other than service court.
Player of the serving team (in doubles ) must not through screening, prevent their opponent from watching the server or the trajectory of the ball.
The server shall not serve until the receiver is ready. If the latter attempts to return the service, he/she shall be deemed ready and after giving the signal by referee to serve it.
The ball is in play from the service hit to the moment.
Ball lands on the side-lines or base-line.
A player carries the ball
A player Continuously touched the ball twice or the ball is touched twice to the player.
(In case of Doubles) Both the players touch the ball or the ball is touched both the players.
A player falls or touches the net or the posts after playing the ball.
The ball is hit or touched any part of the body except the hand of the receiver (who is receiving the service or the return)
The served ball is received by the wrong player & not by the receiver.
The served ball is touched by player before one bounce.
The ball must cross the court in vertical plane of the net within the crossing space i.e. 8M horizontal and in case of indoor 15M high.
Each team must play within its own court & related space i.e. (free zone) excepts in the following cases :-
Hands crossing the vertical plane of the net.
During the block it is not permitted to contract the ball above the net within the opponent’s space.
While the attack hit is permitted to cross the hand over the net if the contact was made in the player’s own playing space.
It is forbidden to contract the net all along its length including the side poles.
When a ball is driven in to the net and which causes the to contract an opposing player, no fault is committed.
When participants commits faults during the game due to actions contrary to the rule or due to misconduct, the first referee judges the faults and determines the sanctions applicable, in accordance with the following principles :-
These are individual actions or team movements contrary to the rule of the game and they consist of :-
Not sending the ball correctly over the net into the opponent’s court.
Carrying out an action stipulated in the rules as a fault.
There is always a penalty to a fault.
Depending upon the case a penalty means that the opponent to the team committing the fault gains a point or the right to serve
If two opponent’s commits a fault simultaneously the penalties cancel each other and a play-over is called.
Behavior towards officials, opponents, spectators or teammates may be incorrect, and depending upon the degree of the offence, conduct must be sanctioned as :-
Un-Sportsman like conduct : If a participant delays the game, coaches the team when it is forbidden to do so, shouts, intimidates the opponents or argues with the players, referee or spectators.
Rude conduct : If the participant acts contrary to good manners, moral principles or his action is the expression of contempt towards the referees, opponents or spectators.
Offensive conduct : If any aggressive attempts at personal honor is made by means of insulting words and gestures to a referee on opponent or a spectator.
Aggression : If a real, physical attack or an initiated aggression against a referee, an opponent or the spectator is made.
Depending on the degree of the incorrect conduct according to the judgment of the first referee, the sanctions to be applied are :-
Warning, For un-sportsman like conduct. Penalty is given but it warns the player(s) or team(s) for second un-sportsman like conduct for the remaining set.
Penalty, for rude behavior : It must be registered on the score sheet and the opposing team will gain a point or the service.
Expulsion and disqualification : Offensive conduct is sanctioned by expulsion and it means that the player is not allowed to play for the remaining of the match. Aggression is sanctioned by disqualification, and it means that the player must leave the area for the remaining of the match.
The winner of the set is the team that scores 21 points with a minimum advantage of 2 points or the event of a tie (20-20) the winner is the team that obtains 2 points (22-20, 23-21,….)
Team that scores a point :- Only the team (i.e. a player or a pair) that scores a point, if it wins the rally either because of its playing action by the referee.
A player or a pair wins any 2 sets out of 3 will be declared as the winner of the game. (i.e. singles or doubles)
A team which wins 2 games out of 3 those 2 singles and one doubles will be declared as the winner of the match.